2009 Calendars @ 24Studio
Our calendars and their history
Our current calendar is known as the Gregorian calendar, which was adopted in the UK in 1752. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who established his calendar in Italy in 1582.
However, we have used at least three different calendars in recent times. Before 1752 (in the UK), the Julian Calendar was used - this calendar was originated by Julius Caesar and started during his reign in 46 BC. Before this time, the Roman calendar was used. A brief description of these calendars follows below.
- Hundreds of 2009 calendars featuring Brad Pitt, Robbie Williams, Cats, The Simpsons and loads more.
- Personalised calendars for family and friends, as featured on TV and radio. These calendars are available in two formats - A4 or desktop - and your choice of name(s) is displayed as an integral part of the image on each page. They are shipped within 3 days and shipping is free if you spend £30 or more
The Roman Calendar
The Roman calendar had 10 months in a year, and a total of 304 days. The months were called Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November and December. The similarity to the names of our modern day months is apparent - the last six months were named after the Roman words for numbers. The discrepancy with our modern day calendar naming is thus apparent, eg October, from Oct, meaning 8, is now the tenth month. The Roman Calendar is thought to have been introduced around 700 BC.
Subsequently, the Roman Emperor Numa Pompilius is thought to have added January and February, which were at that time named Januarius and Februarius, to make the year 355 days, with the addition every other year of an extra month, Mercedinus (having 23 or 24 days), in an effort to prevent drift.
The Julian Calendar
The Julian calendar had 12 months in a year, and 365 days per year, but initially, due to a miscalculation, the leap year of 366 days occurred every three years instead of every four. This was subsequently corrected by Augustus Caesar after 36 years, and he missed out some subsequent leap days to correct this. Although the year in the Julian Calendar was very similar to the actual length of a year (an average of 365.25 days) , over the centuries it drifted (by one day every 134 years). By 1582, it had drifted off course by 10 days, which brought about the change to a new calendar. All the months kept their previous names under the Roman calendar, with the exception of Quintilis, which was renamed Julius, and Sextilis which was renamed Augustus, after the respective Roman emperors.
The Gregorian Calendar
Our current calendar improves the accuracy of the old Julian Calendar, by missing out three leap days every 400 years, leading to an average year length of 365.2425 days. Even though our current calendar is quite precise, it is not perfect - it will drift by approximately one day every 3300 years.