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OCR Level 2 - Past Papers - Anatomy and Physiology

Past Paper Questions

The following questions have appeared on OCR 2 Anatomy and Physiology papers and sample papers in the past. Whilst I believe I know the answers to them, I am not going to quote the correct answers here because if any of them are incorrect I would not be providing you with a good service. Therefore, use the questions to see how much you know about your course, and if there are any questions you don't know the answers to, now would be a good time to find them out.

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Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Bones need calcium to aid their growth
  2. Weight bearing exercise decreases bone density
  3. Bone density is increased after the age of sixty
  4. Growth plates in long bones ossify by the age of six

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Compact bone is spongy (cancellous) bone
  2. Growth plates are found in flat bones
  3. Growth plates are found in long bones
  4. Myofibrils are bone building cells

Which one of the following is correct?

Skeletal bones:

  1. Manufacture vitamin E
  2. Manufacture blood cells
  3. Act as storage for iron
  4. Produce mitochondria

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. The carpals are irregular bones
  2. The patella is a flat bone
  3. The scapula is in the leg
  4. The ulna is in the arm

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. The shoulder is a hinge joint
  2. The hip is a ball and socket joint
  3. All joints are synovial joints
  4. A ball and socket joint is formed between the tibia and fibula

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. The elbow can circumduct
  2. The hip can adduct and abduct
  3. The knee can laterally flex
  4. The cervical spine can dorsiflex

Which one of the following is correct?

Smooth involuntary muscle is found:

  1. In the stomach
  2. In the heart
  3. In the triceps
  4. In the erector spinae

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. The rectus abdominis is one of the hamstring group of muscles
  2. The rectus femoris crosses both the knee joint and the hip joint
  3. The biceps are located at the back of the upper arm
  4. The latissimus dorsi is located at the front of the chest

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. The abductor group assist abduction of the arm
  2. The hamstring group assist hip extension
  3. The gastrocnemius assists dorsi flexion of the ankle
  4. The quadricep group assist knee flexion

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Slow twitch muscle fibres are white in colour
  2. Slow twitch muscle fibres are associated with anaerobic energy production
  3. Slow twitch muscle fibres are used in low intensity activities
  4. Fast twitch muscle fibres are used in low intensity activities

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Isometric muscle contraction is when the angle at the joint increases
  2. Concentric contraction results in an immediate drop in blood pressure
  3. Isotonic muscle contraction is when the resistance is static
  4. Eccentric contraction is when the muscle lengthens under control

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Ligaments attach muscle to bone at joints
  2. Tendons contain smooth involuntary muscle fibres
  3. Ligaments are less elastic than tendons
  4. Tendons attach muscle to bone at joints

Which one of the following is correct?

The long term effect of aerobic exercise on muscles is:

  1. An increase in mitochondria
  2. An increase in atrophy
  3. A decrease in myofibrils
  4. A decrease in the capillary pathways

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Carbon dioxide is a by-product of the aerobic energy system
  2. Anaerobic glycolysis uses fat as a fuel to create Adenosine Di Phosphate (ADP)
  3. Glycogen is made up of sugar, starch and protein
  4. Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP) is created by muscle contraction

Which one of the following is correct?

The long term effect of aerobic exercise on muscles is:

  1. Carbohydrates turn to lactose in the blood stream
  2. Protein is the preferred fuel for muscle contraction
  3. Glucose is stored as glycogen in the muscles
  4. Increases in saturated fat intake will result in muscle hypertrophy.

Which two of the following are correct?

  1. The heart has 2 receiving chambers called atria
  2. Blood travels from the ventricles to the atria
  3. The superior vena cava carries blood away from the heart to the lungs
  4. The pulmonary artery carries blood away from the heart to the lungs

Which two of the following are correct?

  1. Gaseous exchange takes place in the bronchioles
  2. The lungs extract oxygen from inspired air
  3. Inspired air is filtered by the nasal mucosa
  4. The epiglottis is an opening in the bronchioles

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Veins have thicker, more muscular walls than arteries
  2. Blood pressure in the arteries is higher than in the veins
  3. Systolic blood pressure usually goes down on exertion
  4. The superior vena cava is the largest artery in the body

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Systolic pressure is the blood pressure peak
  2. Stroke volume is the volume of blood expelled each minute
  3. Normal blood pressure is 145mmHg systolic and 95mmHg diastolic
  4. Hypertension is another term for low blood pressure

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Red blood cells protect the body from bacteria
  2. There are more red blood cells than white blood cells
  3. White blood cells carry carbon dioxide
  4. Red blood cells are formed in the kidneys

Which one of the following is correct?

Long term aerobic activity at optimal levels:

  1. Increases rate of breathing
  2. Increases resting heart rate
  3. Increases cardiac output
  4. Neither increases or decreases resting heart rate

Which one of the following is correct?

During a single session of moderate aerobic activity:

  1. The stroke volume decreases
  2. Carbon dioxide production increases
  3. Breathing rate decreases
  4. Arteries increase in number

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Muscular strength training will reduce bone density
  2. Flexibility training will reduce muscle length
  3. Cardio vascular training will promote atrophy of muscles
  4. Flexibility training will increase range of motion

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Men genetically have better balance than women
  2. Strength is a combination of flexibility and speed
  3. Increased flexibility may lead to improved agility
  4. Motor skills include balance, flexibility and strength

Which one of the following is correct?

To achieve health benefits cardio-vascular training must:

  1. Be performed for 40 minutes each day
  2. Be competitive and motivating
  3. Involve large muscle groups in rhythmic continuous action
  4. Be performed at 80% of age adjusted training heart rate

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Flexibility training should include only small muscle groups
  2. Muscular endurance is achieved through high resistance and low repetitions
  3. Muscular strength training can be achieved through low repetitions and high resistance
  4. Muscular strength and endurance training must be carried out daily.

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Endomorphs are always more flexible than ectomorphs
  2. Drinking caffeine will improve flexibility
  3. Women are genetically less flexible than men
  4. Smoking cigarettes will increase systolic blood pressure

Which one of the following is correct?

The long term effect of aerobic exercise on muscles is:

  1. Reversibility occurs if training levels are reduced
  2. Moving weight close to the pivot joint will increase the intensity of an exercise
  3. Working across gravity increases resistance more than working against gravity
  4. Increasing the speed of a press-up will increase intensity overall

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Very high protein diets can lead to calcium loss and kidney damage
  2. A maximum of 25% of our daily intake should be in the form of carbohydrate
  3. Unsaturated fat is usually solid at room temperature
  4. Vitamin C is fat soluble

Which one of the following is correct?

In a normal healthy diet :

  1. Potassium and calcium are important minerals
  2. Protein is only found in meat products
  3. 50% of daily calorie intake should be in the form of fats
  4. People with hypotension should increase their salt intake

Continued...