Factors Influencing Training Potential
- Gender - men are potentially stronger than women, women are potentially more flexible than men.
- Current fitness level
- Lifestyle, including diet, smoking, occupation, current activity levels, pregnancy, general health etc
Principles of Training
- Adaptation - body adapts to regular training with improved heart function and circulation, improved respiratory function, improved muscular strength and endurance and improved flexibility.
- Overload - perform at a level above normal, by increasing frequency, duration or intensity of exercise.
- Reversibility - fitness decreases if training stops. Strength gains are generally lost more quickly than flexibility gains.
- Progression - necessary for fitness gains, applying the principals of FITT
- Frequency - how often - increased at fitness progresses
- Intensity - how hard - increased by:
- Increasing or decreasing speed, depending upon exercise
- Adding impact
- Larger movements, higher arms
- Use of longer levers
- Working against gravity
- Increasing resistance
- Time - how long
Lever Length & Gravity
Gravity can provide built in resistance.
Long levers are arms and legs fully extended, with the fulcrum being shoulders and hips. Combine short and long levers for a safer workout.